Finding Evidence

Understanding evidence

Open this document in a PDF

A two-page fact sheet developed for project participants to give a basic understanding of the different types of evidence and common terminology used.

Sources of evidence:

Queensland Centre for Mothers & Babies and/or

The Queensland Centre for Mothers and Babies (QCMB) is an independent research centre based at The University of Queensland. Here you will find research projects and resources developed by the Centre.

Queensland Clinical Guidelines for maternity care in QLD

Developed by QLD Health for use in QLD’s public hospitals. Here you will find guidelines developed for vaginal birth after caesarean, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and others.

Childbirth Connection

Childbirth Connection is a US not-for-profit organization and promotes safe, effective and satisfying evidence-based maternity care and is a voice for the needs and interests of childbearing families. This website contains up-to-date evidence-based information and resources for women and clinicians covering pregnancy, labour, birth, and the post-natal period.

Cochrane Library

A free, searchable online database of ‘systematic review’ conducted by The Cochrane Collaboration. Systematic reviews are often held up as the ‘gold standard’ of evidence in healthcare because they combine results form multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to produce findings that are considered more statistically reliable. Abstracts of Cochrane Reviews are summarized in plain language.

MIDIRS (Midwives Information and Resource Service)

A UK website with accurate, reliable and objective information based on the very best available research evidence. Full leaflets are available for consumers and professionals (only these contain references) and both must be paid for.


PubMed is a service of the US National Library of Medicine that includes 18 million citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources.

Google Scholar

A specialised Google search engine that locates online journals and articles from all disciplines. Some search results are freely available, some abstracts can be accessed and some are not accessible without cost.

Dr Sarah Buckley’s articles

Sarah Buckley is a Brisbane GP who has written the book Gentle Birth, Gentle Mothering: The wisdom and science of gentle choices in pregnancy, birth and parenting. Several of her articles are available online and they include references.